Insurances

Health Insurance

Students must provide evidence of health insurance cover on matriculation. There are various options for insurance.

Student health insurance is a mandatory insurance. Alternatives are family insurance under statutory health insurance, insurance due to orphan’s allowance status or civil service legal assistance. 

With student health insurance there is an age limit of 30 years. It likewise ends on completion of the 14th study semester. During a semester on leave, student health insurance is maintained so long as it is not “supplanted” by another type of insurance. The semester on leave does not count towards the total of study semesters. For a second degree the study semester total of the second degree counts if the first degree has been completed. If a Master’s follows the Bachelor’s degree, this is generally assessed as a single study course if no course change has occurred and there was no long period of employment in between.  

An extension of the age limit or study semester limit is only possible if the type of training or family or personal reasons justify this. Examples are: 

  • Gaining of access by second-chance education 
  • Raising children 
  • Voluntary service or 
  • Illness 

 

Membership of the student health insurance ends one month after the end of the semester for which the student was last registered. This is also the case if students ex-matriculate during the semester. 

Students under 25 years old can be included in their parents’ statutory insurance in Germany under family insurance. The advantage of this form of insurance is that there is no liability for contributions for the student. 

It should be noted that the income of the student must not exceed 435 EUR per month (as of 2018) or with a minijob must not exceed 450 EUR per month. An extension of the age limit due to time spent in civil or military service is possible, for a maximum of 12 months. This also applies to voluntary service. 

There is no age limit for the marriage or civil law partner with family insurance. For children with disabilities the age limit also does not apply. The income limit does, however, apply in these cases as well. 

 

Family insurance cover ends immediately on ex-matriculation, since the educational status is a requirement for the inclusion of adult children. There is another sub-regulation for children under 23 years old and not in employment (§ 10 para. 2 No. 2 SGB V), which can be applied.

Recipients of orphan allowance are generally independent members of statutory health insurance. This appears on the pension approval certificate. This health insurance, however, ends on the 25th birthday and further student or private health insurance is required. 

State assistance in the form of health insurance for civil servants covers a part of the costs for treatments. The remaining sum must be covered by private health insurance. There are also family provisions as part of the state assistance.

These regulations are accorded if the parents receive child benefit for their child in education. If the child benefit ceases, independent private health insurance must continue, since the exemption from mandatory statutory insurance which occurred at the beginning of the degree cannot be cancelled.

After the ending of the mandatory student insurance, voluntary statutory insurance is available, so long as there are corresponding preceding periods of insurance as part of the statutory health insurance. The application for voluntary insurance must occur within three months of the ending of the mandatory insurance.

Students who are not eligible for statutory health insurance can take out private health insurance. Here a price-performance comparison between insurers should be made, since the rates vary greatly. Neutral advice on private health insurance is offered by the Consumer Advice Centre in Baden-Württemberg. The consultation fees for students are not too high. You can find the info on the Consumer Advice Centre here (in German) www.verbraucherzentrale-bawue.de/beratung 

International students might have their statutory health insurance from their home-country approved by a statutory German health insurance company. This opportunity applies especially to students from EU countries or the European Economic Area. It should be clarified in the home-country which documents are required for this. 

It may be, however, that the health insurance in your home-country does not cover all costs in Germany. International students should therefore clarify which services are covered in Germany by their health insurance company before travelling. 

Please take note that the statutory health insurance from your home-country is no longer valid once you take up a job. If you have, alongside your studies, a so-called Minijob, a position as a working student, work self-employed or as an intern, German social security law applies. You then have to apply for statutory (student or voluntary) German health insurance.

Private health insurance from other countries may also be approved in Germany. International students should seek advice directly from their health insurance companies. If the private insurance is approved, a confirmation must be provided on matriculation at the university that the student has been exempted from mandatory statutory health insurance. For the duration of the course it is then no longer possible to change to statutory health insurance.

Statutory accident insurance

Students are protected by statutory accident insurance during the period of their university education. This insurance protection does not have full application but is subject to specific requirements: 

The student must attend the university with serious intent to participate in education. Matriculation alone or occasional attendance at individual lectures is not adequate. 

In the judgement of this matter it is likewise decisive whether the activities can be attributed to the organisational field of responsibility of the university. There must exist, so to speak, an essential internal coherence between the university curriculum and the activities of the student.   

Participation in semesters abroad is covered by statutory accident insurance if this is a component of the domestic university degree and attributable formally, organisationally and in content to the course. The precondition for this is that the university in Germany must in practical terms have the right of instruction or control to some extent. This can for example be exercised by the university’s own staff at a partner university or through the appointment of a person at the foreign university. 

Examples of insured activities are attendance of lectures and events in the organisational field of responsibility of the university, activities in student self-administration and journeys immediately related to attending the university. 

Non-insured activities are, for example, studying at home, private study trips, private activities on campus or private activities such as eating or drinking. 

Students in Baden-Württemberg are insured with the accident insurance firm Unfallkasse Baden-Württemberg. The respective university is responsible for the insurance.

Note

If you have further questions on this topic, you can turn to our social advice!

 

 

To the social advice